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Mozart: Alla Turca in A Minor

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Wolfgang Amadéus Mozart :
Alla Turca, K. 331
Alla Turca K. 331  in A Minor by Mozart piano sheet music
Key: A Minor Published: -
Level: 7 Period: Classical
piano sheet music Piano score: PS Urtext (568 kB)

Battle music for zurna and zil

The "Turkish Rondo" is the last movement of the Sonata in A major, K331.   However, it is quite often heard on its own, and has become one of   Mozart most popular piano pieces. Its joyous, dancelike character and   fast ornamental patterns speak to people of all ages.

The   army music of the 17th century Ottoman Turkish Empire was something   that inspired several Western composers, not only Mozart but also Haydn,   Beethoven, Jean- Baptiste Lully and others. In the west, this was often   called Janissary music, after the elite troups of the Sultan, the yeniçeri. Common instruments in a Janissary band were the zurna (a very loud, oboe-like double-reed), a boru (a trumpet), the nakkare (small kettledrums), the davul (a large bass drum), and the zil (cymbals);   loud percussion and piercing wind instruments, designed to be heard on   the battlefield. In Mozart's time, when imitating this kind of music at   the keyboard, it was not unusual to make use of a so called Turkish   stop, a pedal that caused a bell to ring and/or a padded hammer to   strike the soundboard in imitation of a bass drum.

Illustration of the Janissary music on YouTube

Practice & Performance Tips:
Don't feel forced to play this movement extremely fast, even if that is what you hear in several recordings. After all, the tempo marking is Allegretto, not Allegro or Presto. Keep a steady pulse throughout; remember that the music is supposed to suggest a marching military band!

Play clearly and lightly in the sections marked piano (eighth-notes... Sign up for a Gold membership to read the practice tips.

Members who like this piece have also downloaded:

Beethoven - Für Elise - in A Minor:

Mozart - 12 Variations on "Twinkle, twinkle" (Ah, vous dirai-je, maman) - K. 265 in C Major:

Mozart - Sonata - K. 545 in C Major:

Bach - Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring - BWV 147 in G Major:

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Posts in the piano forum about this piece by :

xx Is 'Rondo Alla Turca' hard?
March 01, 2016, 11:57:07 AM by ziggy50

Hey, I have an audition coming up in two months and I have to learn two songs. So I'm learning nocturne in E flat major. I was going to learn Rondo Alla Turca also but I am not sure if I will have time to learn it and get it really good. I am just finished grade five and am 13 but am good at learning new songs. So, do you think that I will have time to learn it? Is it hard? Is it too fast? Thanks

xx Octaves passage in Mozart's "Rondo alla Turca"
February 10, 2010, 07:34:50 PM by stormx

Hi !!

I am currently learning Mozart "Rondo alla Turca" (3º movement of his K331 sonata).

I have a question regarding the fingering of the "octaves passage". I have never played so far a similar passage, so my question also applies to similar other pieces (with many successive octaves).

Do you play all the octaves with 1-5 or do you alternate 1-5 with 1-4. My teacher says both options are possible, but he prefers to change. What do you think?

A possibility would be to play with 5 the "white octaves" and use 4 for "black octaves".

Any advices are welcomed.


xx "My" first piece - Turkish March by Mozart
January 05, 2010, 10:38:25 AM by ggpianogg

Hi guys,

I've started playing the piano (well, the keyboard) around 3 weeks ago, when I found my sister's old piano which she used to play with for fun at a very young age. Since I always liked the piece Turkish March by Mozart, I decided this would be the first piece I would like to learn.

So far, I'm practicing my right hand, and I've posted a video where hopefully you can see my progress.

I would VERY much appreciate any feedback you guys could give me based on this video. Please keep in mind I do not attend classes so I might have a hard time understanding some of the piano terminology, but with google's help I'll definitely make it Smiley

The link is here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4A2lWpbG_UY

Thanks in advance for all your feedback, but I will surely thank you personally as well Smiley

xx Trill on mozart rondo alla turca
August 10, 2009, 09:55:56 AM by pbhattac

I have one question regarding this, is the trill on bar 25 supposed to start on B and go BCBCBC or is it supposed to start on C and go CBCBCB?
Thanks in advance.

xx Mozart - Alla Turca
March 01, 2009, 04:10:15 PM by dickreuter

Any constructive comments are wellcome!

wink Mozart: Rondo Alla Turka FULL SONG NOW LOL
January 11, 2009, 12:12:55 PM by kayordee

Hey Peoples!! Wink Grin
  I would like to know how I can improve Mozarts 'Rondo Alla Turka' I'm goin through and polishing a few very old pieces little by little so I can build up a better repertiore - and this is where I need you guyz. It would help if you could tell me if i'm doing anything wrong in the first section - i really wanna get this right, so any help, criticism and tips apprecited ALOT. thnx thnx!! Grin Wink Wink

 -Kayordee (lol why does everyone sign their name?)


xx Mozart Sonata in A Major (1783) - III Alla Turca (Allegretto)
December 10, 2007, 03:44:25 AM by iumonito

Last movement.  Comments on this and on the whole are very welcome.

xx Tempo for Alla Turco
June 25, 2007, 09:14:31 AM by timothy42b

Hope I spelled that correctly!  <g>

What would be a reasonable tempo range for this piece? 

It's on my "life list."  It's been fairly far down the list, but I was looking at it this weekend thinking maybe I'm getting close.  Depends on how fast it should go, though. 

xx mozart technique
May 03, 2007, 12:00:14 AM by sonata76

hi quick question.would you say ronda alla turca is good for technique?my right forth and fifth fingers are weaker than my left.any help would be appreciated.

xx W.A. Mozart - Rondo Alla Turca
February 02, 2007, 01:25:20 PM by nepenthe

Hi Pianostreet forum,

This is my first post here, so I will introduce me. My name is Bart de Keijzer, 20 years old, I'm playing piano for 2 years now. Unfortunately I have no money for a teacher.
I'm not _completely_ new here, I have been reading/observing this forum for about a year. I find it really helpful. I just didn't post anything before, because I feel I'm too unproficient to provide any useful comments/advice.

However, I would really like to receive some feedback on this problem I'm facing.
It's about this piece I attached. I have been playing it for way too long (I don't dare tell you how long). I wanted to play this thing perfect, but it still isn't. There are even some very obvious mistakes in it, and I think it's just far from being at the level of playing you usually hear on a CD recording.

Furthermore, I want to add:
When I started to practice the piece, I thought I could easily handle it. It turned out to be lots more difficult than I thought it was (by hearing). I'm guessing I picked a piece that's just not within my grasp.

So first of all, what do you think of the playing? And secondly, what do you advise me to do next? Should I quit practicing this piece or should I continue to improve it? This really begins to frustrate me. I'm starting to suspect it's impossible for me to get it right.

xx rondo alla turca
January 14, 2007, 04:38:53 AM by pianistimo

here it is.  blow it up. 

xx What is the level of
August 19, 2006, 02:36:10 PM by barnowl

Beethoven's Marcia Alla Turca, please.

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