The Moments Musicaux were published only a few months before Schubert’s death in 1828. Most of them were composed during 1827 or 1827, with the exception of Nos. 3 and 6, dating from 1823 and 1824 respectively.
It is likely that the title Moments Musicaux originated from the publisher rather than from Schubert himself (in fact, the original publisher’s title was the grammatically nonsensical “Momens Musicals”).
One of the most popular pieces of the set, No. 3, has occasionally been labelled “Air Russe”.