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Beethoven - Piano Music

Ludwig van Beethoven’s (1770-1827) mother died when he was 16; because of his father´s alcoholism he became responsible for his two younger brothers.
To stop the family’s money from being spent on drinking, Beethoven even went to his father’s employer to demand half of the salary.
At age 22, Beethoven went from his native town Bonn to Vienna to study with Haydn. He established a reputation as a virtuoso improviser at the keyboard and managed to get support from the aristocracy in spite of his uncouth manners; the Archduke Rudolph later decreed that usual court etiquette did not apply to Beethoven.
Beethoven’s first opus, three piano trios, appeared in 1795 and had immediate success. Not long after this Beethoven began to lose his hearing, which not only made it hard for him to perceive music and to perform, but also intensified his antisocial tendencies. He even contemplated suicide but eventually made a resolution to continue living for his art. He then spent the following decade writing some of the most admired works in all music history, many of them expressing struggle and heroism.
The first of these, his 3rd symphony Eroica, was originally dedicated to Napoleon – he erased the dedication when Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor.
Beethoven became the most respected composer of his time, but his personal difficulties continued, including a series of failed romances. The realisation that he would never marry probably contributed to a period of depression and low productivity from about 1812. That year he wrote a famous love letter to a certain "Immortal Beloved", the identity of whom remains unknown.
When his brother suddenly died, Beethoven became involved in a long struggle for the custody of his nephew Karl. However, towards the end of the 1810s Beethoven’s creative imagination triumphed once again over his troubles. The works of his late period are written in a unique, highly personal musical language where variation form and contrapuntal writing features prominently and large-scale forms are handled with complete freedom.
In spite of his deafness, Beethoven managed to perform on a number of occasions; having conducted the premiere of the Ninth Symphony, he began to weep when he turned around and saw the tumultuous applause of the audience.
Beethoven died on 26 March 1827, in the midst of a fierce thunderstorm – legend has it that the dying man shook his fists in defiance of the heavens.

Major works:
Orchestral: Nine symphonies, five piano concertos, violin concerto, triple concerto for violin, cello and piano, Choral Fantasia for solo piano, chorus and orchestra. Several Overtures, including four for Fidelio, called Fidelio or Leonora Overtures.
Choral and Vocal: Fidelio (opera), Missa Solemnis, the song cycle An die ferne Geliebte.
Chamber: sixteen string quartets, five string trios, four string quintets, ten sonatas for violin and piano (incl. "Spring, "Kreutzer"), five cello sonatas, six piano trios (incl. "Archduke," Ghost"), Quintet for wind instruments and piano.
Keyboard: 32 piano sonatas, many variation sets (incl. Eroica- and Diabellivariations), three sets of Bagatelles, Andante Favori, Für Elise, Rage over a Lost Penny.

Quote:
"I shall seize Fate by the throat; it shall certainly not bend and crush me completely" (letter, 1801)

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Total pieces by Beethoven: 112

Collections - Beethoven
Beethoven - Bagatelles (18 pieces)
Beethoven - Concertos (5 pieces)
Beethoven - Sonatas (32 pieces)
Beethoven - Sonatas for Violin and Piano (10 pieces)
Beethoven - Sonatinas (6 pieces)
Beethoven - Symphonies - Transcriptions for four hands (9 pieces)
Beethoven - Variations (20 pieces)
Beethoven - Miscellaneous Pieces (12 pieces)





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