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Ravel - Piano Music

Although Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) has often been compared to Claude Debussy, its fair to say that Ravel was more of a classicist than his great contemporary, being more influenced by the concertos of Mozart and Saint-Saëns than by Wagner, whose music he disliked. He was also drawn to jazz and music from Spain and Russia. A fastidious worker, he honed his works to perfection, leading Stravinsky to talk about "Ravel the Swiss Watchmaker". Originally from the Basque town of Ciboure, near Biarritz, he entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889; among his teachers were Gabriel Fauré. He remained at the Conservatory for not less than 16 years.
During his last years there, Ravel tried in vain to win the prestigious Prix de Rome for composition, and was eventually forbidden to try it once more. A minor scandal followed, which eventually lead to the resignation of the director and Ravel leaving the conservatory. During the first World War, Ravel was denied active army service because of his age and frail health, but he nevertheless served his country as an ambulance driver.
In 1920, the French government awarded him with the Legion d´honneur, which he declined.
In 1928 he met with great acclaim during a piano tour of the USA, where he also made friends with George Gershwin.
In 1932 Ravel suffered a car accident from which he never fully recovered. He began to experience aphasia-like symptoms and his output dropped dramatically. Medical experts examining Ravel´s clinical history have speculated that at the time of the accident he was already in the early stages of frontotemporal dementia. It has also been argued that effects of this neurological disease can be traced in works like Boléro and the piano concerto for the left hand.
In 1937, Ravel agreed to undergo experimental surgery on his brain, but the operation was unsuccessful and he died shortly afterwards.
Ravel was a superb orchestrator, who spent much of his time orchestrating piano works by himself and others, notably Debussy and Mussorgsky (Pictures of an Exhibition).
He worked with the famous choreographer Sergei Diaghilev in stage productions of his ballets Ma Mère l´Oye and Daphnis et Chloé.

Major works:
Ballets: Daphnis et Chloé, Ma Mère l´Oye
Operas: L´Heure espagnole, L´Enfant et les sortilèges
Orchestral: Rhapsody Espagnole, La Valse, Boléro, Two piano concertos
Vocal: Shéhérazade and several songs with piano
Chamber: Tzigane for violin and piano, Violin Sonata, Piano Trio
Piano solo: Gaspard de la Nuit, Jeux d´eau, Miroirs, Sonatine, Valses nobles et sentimentales, Le Tombeau de Couperin, Pavane pour une infante défunte

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Total pieces by Ravel: 19

TitleASTKey Published Type Level
In the style of Borodin - Waltz N/A Piece 8
In the style of Emanuel Chabrier - Paraphrase on a melody by Gounod N/A Piece 8
Jeux d'eau E Major Piece 8+
La Valse N/A Piece 8+
Le Tombeau de Couperin N/A Suite 8+
Minuet on the Name of Haydn G Major Piece 7
Mother Goose (solo piano) N/A Suite 8+
Pavane pour une infante défunte E Minor Piece 8+
Prelude N/A Piece 7
Sonatina F-sharp Minor Sonata 8+
Valses Nobles et Sentimentales N/A Suite 8+

Gaspard de la nuit:
Ondine No. 1C-sharp Major Piece 8+
Le Gibet No. 2E-flat Minor Piece 8+
Scarbo No. 3N/A Piece 8+

Noctuelles No. 1N/A Piece 8+
Oiseaux Tristes No. 2N/A Piece 8+
Une Barque sur l'océan No. 3N/A Piece 8+
Alborada del Gracioso No. 4N/A Piece 8+
La Vallée des Cloches No. 5N/A Piece 8+

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