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Topic: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music  (Read 6058 times)

Offline musicioso

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Hindustani classical  is the Hindustani or erstwhile North Indian style of Indian classical music found throughout the northern Indian subcontinent. It is a tradition that originated in Vedic ritual chants and has been evolving since the 12th century CE, in areas which included mainly North India and Pakistan, and to some extent, Bangladesh, Nepal and Afghanistan.

The rhythmic organization is based on rhythmic patterns called Taal. The melodic foundations are called ragas. One possible classification of ragas is into "melodic modes" or "parent scales", known as Thaats, under which most ragas can be classified based on the notes they use.
Thaats may consist of up to seven scale degrees, or swara. Hindustani musicians name these pitches using a system called Sargam, the equivalent of Western movable do solfege:

Sa (Shadaj) = Do
Re (Rishab) = Re
Ga (Gandhar) = Mi
Ma (Madhyam) = Fa
Pa (Pancham) = So
Dha (Dhaivat) = La
Ni (Nishad) = Ti
Sa (Shadaj) = Do

Both systems repeat at the octave. The difference between sargam and solfege is that re, ga, ma, dha, and ni can refer to either "Natural" (Shuddha) or altered "Flat" (Komal) or "Sharp" (Tivra) versions of their respective scale degrees. As with movable do solfege, the notes are heard relative to an arbitrary tonic that varies from performance to performance, rather than to fixed frequencies, as on a xylophone. The fine intonational differences between different instances of the same swara are called shrutis. The three primary registers of Indian classical music are Mandra (lower), Madhya (middle) and Taar (upper). Since the octave location is not fixed, it is also possible to use provenances in mid-register (such as Mandra-Madhya or Madhya-Taar) for certain ragas. A typical rendition of Hindustani raga involves two stages:
Alap: a rhythmically free improvisation on the rules for the raga in order to give life to the raga and shape out its characteristics. The alap is followed by a long slow-tempo improvisation in vocal music, or by the jod and jhala in instrumental music.
Bandish or Gat: a fixed, melodic composition set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. For example:
Sthaayi: The initial, Rondo phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.
Antara: The first body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition.
Sanchaari: The third body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes
Aabhog: The fourth and concluding body phrase or line of a fixed, melodic composition, seen more typically in Dhrupad bandishes.
There are three variations of Bandish, regarding tempo:
Vilambit Bandish: A slow and steady melodic composition, usually in Largo to Adagio speeds.
Madhyalaya Bandish: A medium tempo melodic competition, usually set in Andante to Allegretto speeds.
Drut Bandish: A fast tempo melodic composition, usually set to Allegretto speed, and onwards.
Hindustani classical music is primarily vocal-centric, insofar as the musical forms were designed primarily for vocal performance, and many instruments were designed and evaluated as to how well they emulate the human voice.

So what do you guys think of this kind of music. I am curious to know what western musicians have to say about eastern classical music.

Offline jimbo320

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Re: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music
Reply #1 on: August 02, 2011, 11:13:22 PM
Music is a language that's understood by all because it speaks of emotions not ideas.
Feelings instead of thoughts. One does not need the ability to read it to appreciate it's story telling.
I find an appreciation in it because I look for it.
\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Music is art from the heart. Let it fly\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"...

Offline sevencircles

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Re: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music
Reply #2 on: September 09, 2011, 05:36:48 PM
Hindustani and even more Carnatic music is the most interesting of the traditional music when it it comes to melody and rhythm (West African music has got great rhythms as well)

Some western musicians like bassplayer Jonas Hellborg and the late great Shawn Lane brought harmonies to Indian style music as well and that´s an element that I miss in general

Offline Derek

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Re: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music
Reply #3 on: September 21, 2011, 09:16:50 PM
I love indian classical music, particularly instrumental ragas with the sitar, tabla, and tamboura. I'm not so much a fan of the vocal stuff, but then I'm not much of a fan of vocal stuff of western music either. But yeah...a lot of that music is drop dead gorgeous and invigorating. I love it.

Offline john pitts

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Re: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music
Reply #4 on: March 26, 2022, 10:10:24 PM
Hi, I see this thread is a little old, but in case interested, I have written two books of Indian music for piano:
How to Play Indian Sitar Rāgas on a Piano (2020, 2nd edition) ISBN 979-8664008531
Indian Rāgas for Piano made easy (2020, 2nd edition) ISBN 978-1659067255
The paperback books are available individually from https://www.amazon.co.uk/kindle-dbs/entity/author/B07GX535RR
or www.pianoraga.com

“If you are curious about rāgas, composer John Pitts’ method books are exactly what you need …a great introduction to a very different genre of classical music …well researched and rich in detail …demystifying the Indian classical genre for western audiences and opening the door to a new way of understanding music.” Evelyn Dias, Piano Magazine, Summer 2021
“Studying John Pitts’ innovative books could fundamentally change your perspective on music. …Both books are fascinating and deserve wide currency.”  Murray McLachlan, International Piano Magazine, Jan/Feb 2021
“Five stars to John Pitts for his exhaustive and absorbing book on a timeless music” John Carpenter, WAIF FM, December 2020
“I can see this book being extremely useful to: those who teach world music and would value a keyboard approach to it; classical pianists wanting a wonderfully approachable insight into Indian music; and anyone teaching pupils of Indian heritage.” Fiona Lau, Music Teacher Magazine, July 2018
“a fascinating and unique product!” Christopher Norton, October 2017
“bursting with information, ideas, and advice… truly monumental… a lot of fun” Dr Gail Fischler, Piano Bench Magazine, December 2017
“fascinating” Dr Angela Miller-Niles, American Music Teacher Magazine, October 2017
“endlessly fascinating” Allan Cronin, NewMusicBuff, February 2017
“…I strongly recommend the book to pianists with an eye and an ear to the East…” Dr Jonathan Katz, International Piano Magazine, September 2017
“If you have any interest in this esoteric arena… I can’t imagine a better primer than this.” Jonathan Woolf, MusicWeb-International, March 2017
“a very well produced and informative book”
Robert Matthew-Walker, Editor, ‘Musical Opinion’
“This is a great book.” Dr Mark Polishook

Offline julill

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Re: Let me introduce you to Hindustani Classical Music
Reply #5 on: June 14, 2022, 03:22:08 AM
This post was my first meeting with the Hindustani classical music, and it was very interesting! Thank you for sharing these materials. I like getting to know something new related to music

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