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Mozart: Alla Turca K. 331 in A Minor

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Wolfgang Amadéus Mozart :
Alla Turca, K. 331
Alla Turca K. 331  in A Minor by Mozart piano sheet music
Key: A Minor Year: -
Level: 7 Period: Classical
piano sheet music Piano score: PS Urtext (568 kB)

Battle music for zurna and zil

The "Turkish Rondo" is the last movement of the Sonata in A major, K331.   However, it is quite often heard on its own, and has become one of   Mozart most popular piano pieces. Its joyous, dancelike character and   fast ornamental patterns speak to people of all ages.

The   army music of the 17th century Ottoman Turkish Empire was something   that inspired several Western composers, not only Mozart but also Haydn,   Beethoven, Jean- Baptiste Lully and others. In the west, this was often   called Janissary music, after the elite troups of the Sultan, the yeniçeri. Common instruments in a Janissary band were the zurna (a very loud, oboe-like double-reed), a boru (a trumpet), the nakkare (small kettledrums), the davul (a large bass drum), and the zil (cymbals);   loud percussion and piercing wind instruments, designed to be heard on   the battlefield. In Mozart's time, when imitating this kind of music at   the keyboard, it was not unusual to make use of a so called Turkish   stop, a pedal that caused a bell to ring and/or a padded hammer to   strike the soundboard in imitation of a bass drum.

Illustration of the Janissary music on YouTube

Members who like this piece have also downloaded:

Practice & Performance Tips:
Don't feel forced to play this movement extremely fast, even if that is what you hear in several recordings. After all, the tempo marking is Allegretto, not Allegro or Presto. Keep a steady pulse throughout; remember that the music is supposed to suggest a marching military band!

Play clearly and lightly in the sections marked piano (eighth-notes staccato), and save the heavier touch as well as the right pedal for the octave sections and the coda. The right hand chords in bars 97, 98, 103,104,116 and 117 should be... Sign up for a Gold membership to read the practice tips.

Posts in the piano forum about this piece by :

xx Is 'Rondo Alla Turca' hard?
March 01, 2016, 11:57:07 AM by ziggy50

Hey, I have an audition coming up in two months and I have to learn two songs. So I'm learning nocturne in E flat major. I was going to learn Rondo Alla Turca also but I am not sure if I will have time to learn it and get it really good. I am just finished grade five and am 13 but am good at learning new songs. So, do you think that I will have time to learn it? Is it hard? Is it too fast? Thanks

xx Octaves passage in Mozart's "Rondo alla Turca"
February 10, 2010, 07:34:50 PM by stormx

Hi !!

I am currently learning Mozart "Rondo alla Turca" (3º movement of his K331 sonata).

I have a question regarding the fingering of the "octaves passage". I have never played so far a similar passage, so my question also applies to similar other pieces (with many successive octaves).

Do you play all the octaves with 1-5 or do you alternate 1-5 with 1-4. My teacher says both options are possible, but he prefers to change. What do you think?

A possibility would be to play with 5 the "white octaves" and use 4 for "black octaves".

Any advices are welcomed.


xx "My" first piece - Turkish March by Mozart
January 05, 2010, 10:38:25 AM by ggpianogg

Hi guys,

I've started playing the piano (well, the keyboard) around 3 weeks ago, when I found my sister's old piano which she used to play with for fun at a very young age. Since I always liked the piece Turkish March by Mozart, I decided this would be the first piece I would like to learn.

So far, I'm practicing my right hand, and I've posted a video where hopefully you can see my progress.

I would VERY much appreciate any feedback you guys could give me based on this video. Please keep in mind I do not attend classes so I might have a hard time understanding some of the piano terminology, but with google's help I'll definitely make it Smiley

The link is here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4A2lWpbG_UY

Thanks in advance for all your feedback, but I will surely thank you personally as well Smiley

xx Trill on mozart rondo alla turca
August 10, 2009, 09:55:56 AM by pbhattac

I have one question regarding this, is the trill on bar 25 supposed to start on B and go BCBCBC or is it supposed to start on C and go CBCBCB?
Thanks in advance.

xx Mozart - Alla Turca
March 01, 2009, 04:10:15 PM by dickreuter

Any constructive comments are wellcome!

wink Mozart: Rondo Alla Turka FULL SONG NOW LOL
January 11, 2009, 12:12:55 PM by kayordee

Hey Peoples!! Wink Grin
  I would like to know how I can improve Mozarts 'Rondo Alla Turka' I'm goin through and polishing a few very old pieces little by little so I can build up a better repertiore - and this is where I need you guyz. It would help if you could tell me if i'm doing anything wrong in the first section - i really wanna get this right, so any help, criticism and tips apprecited ALOT. thnx thnx!! Grin Wink Wink

 -Kayordee (lol why does everyone sign their name?)


xx Mozart Sonata in A Major (1783) - III Alla Turca (Allegretto)
December 10, 2007, 03:44:25 AM by iumonito

Last movement.  Comments on this and on the whole are very welcome.

xx Tempo for Alla Turco
June 25, 2007, 09:14:31 AM by timothy42b

Hope I spelled that correctly!  <g>

What would be a reasonable tempo range for this piece? 

It's on my "life list."  It's been fairly far down the list, but I was looking at it this weekend thinking maybe I'm getting close.  Depends on how fast it should go, though. 

xx mozart technique
May 03, 2007, 12:00:14 AM by sonata76

hi quick question.would you say ronda alla turca is good for technique?my right forth and fifth fingers are weaker than my left.any help would be appreciated.

xx W.A. Mozart - Rondo Alla Turca
February 02, 2007, 01:25:20 PM by nepenthe

Hi Pianostreet forum,

This is my first post here, so I will introduce me. My name is Bart de Keijzer, 20 years old, I'm playing piano for 2 years now. Unfortunately I have no money for a teacher.
I'm not _completely_ new here, I have been reading/observing this forum for about a year. I find it really helpful. I just didn't post anything before, because I feel I'm too unproficient to provide any useful comments/advice.

However, I would really like to receive some feedback on this problem I'm facing.
It's about this piece I attached. I have been playing it for way too long (I don't dare tell you how long). I wanted to play this thing perfect, but it still isn't. There are even some very obvious mistakes in it, and I think it's just far from being at the level of playing you usually hear on a CD recording.

Furthermore, I want to add:
When I started to practice the piece, I thought I could easily handle it. It turned out to be lots more difficult than I thought it was (by hearing). I'm guessing I picked a piece that's just not within my grasp.

So first of all, what do you think of the playing? And secondly, what do you advise me to do next? Should I quit practicing this piece or should I continue to improve it? This really begins to frustrate me. I'm starting to suspect it's impossible for me to get it right.

xx rondo alla turca
January 14, 2007, 04:38:53 AM by pianistimo

here it is.  blow it up. 

xx What is the level of
August 19, 2006, 02:36:10 PM by barnowl

Beethoven's Marcia Alla Turca, please.

xx Ronda Alla Turca fingering question
April 12, 2006, 05:48:46 AM by ca1ibanxj

Specifically, the left hand pattern from measure 21-26, and also the right hand 16th note runs in measures 36-44.  What are the conventional fingerings for these, and what do YOU use?  All help is greatly appreciated.

question Ronda Alla Turca - K331 or K311?
February 27, 2006, 02:29:56 AM by pianorama

I really do not understand this. Why, in some editions, does it list Rondo Alla Turca (Mozart, of course) as K331, while others use K311? Most say K331, but I've seen at least two editions listing it as K311. Is K311 a typo?

xx Is Mozart's Rondo all turca hackneyed?
December 12, 2005, 04:12:25 AM by contrapunctus

I wanted to play it at an audition till I realized it most probably is hackneyed.

What about K. 545? Even at the speed gould performs it at?

question Rondo alla turca (Turkish March) by Mozart
August 10, 2005, 01:15:30 PM by beanz

Hey guys Smiley. I am new to playing the piano (started a year ago) and i am attempting to play Turkish March by Mozart. I am having a few problems playing the grace notes (ornaments) in the beginning of measure 6 ( the notes are GAB) in the treble clef.

Whenever i play it, it sounds like i am hitting a chord instead of three different notes in quick succession.

I think the problem is in the fingering. I am now using RH 345 to play it.

Does anyone have an efficient fingering?

Thanx in advance.Smiley

xx rondo alla turca technique
June 21, 2005, 01:31:39 PM by lufia

im really having a hard time mastering the coda for this piece(the ending). i've fully mastered everything else except for this part and the spreading octive part needs a touch up. i find it extremely hard to play comfortably. please help with some technical advice or maybe some specific excercises that will help. >< Dont get me wrong, im not much of a newbie, i mastered a few hard pieces than this that are a higher level than this piece  Wink.

rondo alla turca:
its over here
page 4
and i need a little help with page 3 with the spreading octives please but more importantly page 4. accenting with the 5th finger, the chord trill, playing ff than all of a sudden you got to play it soft for the mp part smoothly. practically the whole thing. If you played this piece please give me some tips, i want to master this piece.

thanks masters

xx Rondo Alla Turca.....
April 13, 2005, 07:39:23 PM by hiscookiemonster

Ok, I'm new..... Smiley
In about a month I am going to have a recital(nothing big...I am late intermediate). A recital for all the students my teacher teaches.  From the subject you see what I'm playing. Any tips or anything y'all might could give me on playing this piece?   
Well, thanks! HisCookieMonster

xx Rondo Alla Turca Question
November 29, 2004, 07:10:01 AM by Awakening

I'm getting ready to perform this piece in a recital, so I've been listening to as many different recordings of it as I can, in order to get a sense of how I should play it.  I come across the usual differences you'd expect from one performance to another (stoccato vs. legato, some phrasing issues, tempo) but when I listened to Rachmaninoff's recording, I found one very interesting deviation.  In the second beat of the fifth measure, my version (and all other performances I have heard) play A and then C before moving onto the grace notes.  Rachmaninoff plays G and then A.  I just found this peculiar.  There were some other interesting qualities about his playing, but this is the one that stuck out most to me.  The thing is, I think it might actually sound better the way he plays it. 

Is there some ambiguity as to which are the correct notes?  I know that with some scores, there are certain things that can't be authenticated, and we're left with guesses at what is correct or incorrect.  Or was it that Rachmaninoff just felt like playing things differently to how they were written?  I wouldn't be surprised either way, though it seems to me like he'd be more inclined to follow the score, as any classical musician would. 

Of course, I'm also curious about the eighth notes at the beginning of the second and third measures.  In some of the recordings I have heard, they're played as stoccatos, in others legato.  In my version, they're slurred to the previous tuplet as eigth notes, with an eighth rest afterward.  Is there such a variance in scores that they are on some marked as stoccato?  That's the only reason I can think of that someone would play them as such. 

These sort of inconsistencies interest me, as I try to maximize the quality of every piece I perform by listening to different recordings and trying different ways of playing.  Any insight would be helpful.   

xx ez rondo alla turca??
October 20, 2004, 09:33:35 PM by urbanspice

Just wondering if anyone knows of an ez version of Mozart's alla turca. I got a six year old who is love with anything classical and made a request to play this. (It makes me happy when little kids tell me they want to play Bach or Mozart, especially if they've only been playing a short while. All hope is not lost!) If not I guess I'll just have to do it myself, which isn't such a bad thing. Peace.

xx Mozart Rondo alla Turca
March 25, 2004, 03:20:58 PM by pianoannie

I'd like ideas for teaching a particular section of Rondo alla Turca.  The 3rd theme (sorry, don't have the measure numbers in front of me) reappears near the end, but this time as octave 16th notes (A A B B C# C#).  It goes too fast to use a lot of wrist rotation, although of course a very relaxed wrist is essential.  My student is struggling to get this to all sound clear and fast enough. What's the best way, technically, to get through this section?  I've given him several tips, but he is still struggling.  

xx fingering for Rondo alla turca
November 24, 2003, 09:34:18 PM by mstram


I'm working on Mozart's Rondo Alla Turca, and am trying to decide on the best fingering for bars 33-58.

Any info or recommendations for the best sheet music / fingering would be greatly appreciated.

I think I've figured out bar 33 (lol), but am stuck iight away at the beginning of the next bar, trying to figure out how to play the Db-Eb-F,Db and get setup for the  F#-F-F#-G#



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